Preschoolers educational challenges
Childhood Education

Preschoolers educational challenges and solutions


How to overcome difficulties attributed to a child starting preschool?

Preschool can be overwhelming for parents/guardians, educators and children! If, getting a child adjusted into a preschool is difficult for you as a parents, caregivers or educators because the child is entering a new stage in life; don’t worry I got you covered herein this article titled preschoolers educational challenges and solutions which solely centered on how parents/guardian and educators can help overcome six common difficulties attributed to a child starting preschool.

Findings shows that when some kids starts preschool, being the first time they are taken out of the comfort of home environment for an extended period without their parents, may feel uncomfortable. However, this shouldn’t be a cause for a parent to alarm. Talking from experience, children having difficulty in adjusting to periods in the classroom at first few days of attending preschool often experience either one or more of the common challenges I am about to discuss. Kindly, read on to know each of it and how best you can help your child to overcome the difficulties and prepare him/her for preschool without much stress.

What is preschool?

Preschool is an early childhood program in which children combine learning with play in a program run by professionally trained adults. It can also be defined as an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.

Who is a preschool child?

Children whose age bracket fall between 3 to 5 years old are considered preschooler(preschool child). Often, children of this age bracket are no longer toddlers though they are considered not old enough to go to school. However, they are in the period of growing and developing essential basic life skills and knowledge needed to join the school year ages. A close attention is required by guardians, caregivers and educators to successfully groom a preschooler for lifelong learning.

Difference between preschool and daycare

Preschool can be said to be different from daycare because its emphasis is on learning and development rather than enabling parents to pursue other activities or work. Preschool aims at helping children expand their knowledge, increase their vocabulary, teach children problem-solving skills, focus on language and literacy skills, as well as interactive book reading. It also teaches children beginning skills involving the numbers, alphabet and spatial awareness.

Preschoolers educational challenges and solutions

When a child is admitted in a play school, he/she is meant to adapt in a world full of strangers by leaving the comfort environment called home. There are several educational challenges faced by the child involved which are directly a big concern for the parents/guardian, caregivers and educators but here I will lay emphasis on few common ones.

Preschoolers educational challenges mentioned in this context is termed the difficulties attributed to child age bracket 3 to 5 years old starting preschool, how to overcome this difficulties are best fits solutions.

Enumerated below are the six common challenges(difficulties) faced by preschoolers with respective solutions I gathered from my experience interacting with children from different backgrounds.

  1. Separation anxiety

Separation anxiety is when someone afraid of being separated from a particular person, persons, or even a pet. In other words, a person develops extreme anxiety as a result of the separation. Separation anxiety is common for children entering preschool because this is their first long separation from home.  

As a parent or caregiver, it is embarrassing when you want to drop your child in preschool and your child is clinching himself or herself onto you, screaming, kicking, and crying not wanting to be left alone in a place that looks strange to him.  Separation anxiety can affect the child from learning because the child will not be in the right state of mind. There are strategies to employ to get rid of preschool separation anxiety.

You can reduce your child’s separation anxiety by explaining the routines of preschool. Tell your child about the games he or she will play, the kids he’ll meet and how you will always be there to pick him at the end of the day. It is advisable not to overhype preschool and make promises in case the situation in school doesn’t look like what you told your child of which can make school scary and not exciting for him/her.

Another way to help your child is to create a goodbye routine which will provide familiarity and comfort, so your child will know what to come. You should avoid long farewell scenes because it can serve to reinforce your child’s sense that preschool is a scary place.

  1. Bullying

Bullying is the abuse and mistreatment of someone that is vulnerable by someone stronger or more powerful. It can also be defined as a mean behavior such as verbal or physical abuse directed at another person in order to hurt that individual or to get the individual to do what you want.

Bullying can be calamitous for preschoolers, because in these years they are learning how to make friends and spend time with others. A student who bullies have a wide-ranging effect on students they bully and students who observe bullying.

When children are bullied, they get depressed or anxious, have a low self-esteem, and poor grades which will ultimately be a challenge in their education. Children that experience bullying will feel they are in an unsafe environment, fearful, powerless to act, and guilty for not acting.

Parents who read this article also read: Best way to help a child confidently express feelings?

If your child is being bullied at preschool or experiences bullying, talking to and listening to your child is very important. It will help you to figure out what’s happening so you can take appropriate action. Communicate with your child and ask pointed questions such as ‘Can you tell me what happened?’, Did someone hurt you?’, etc. Also, make sure you call for a meeting with the teacher/educators to discuss your concerns in order words find lasting solution so the problem does not repeat itself again. 

  1. Aggression

Aggression is described as a behavior characterized by strong self-assertion with hostile or harmful tones. An aggressive behavior can cause emotional or physical harm to others. Aggression ranges from verbal abuse to physical abuse. Aggressive behavior in children might be as a result of poor relationship skills, stress or frustration, or finding it hard to cope with emotional stress.

Preschool children tend to lash out somewhat aggressive behavior because they are yet to gain control over their impulses. When a child is disturbed by something, he becomes frustrated and angry and vents out his or her anger by becoming excessively demanding, screaming, and getting annoyed. Kicking, biting, hitting, fighting over a toy are also common behaviors in children venting anger.

Aggressiveness in a child has negative effects such as poor academic performance and bad influence on others. It disrupts their school activities including concentrating on tasks and paying attention which affects their overall performance in academics.

Guardians and educators often read: How to help a child improve school behaviors?

However, there are several ways to handle this kind of unruly behavior. The first step is to allow the child to calm down and steer clear from talking about what wrongs he has done immediately. Be affectionate, loving and assure him that you are there to help and support him all times. When a child is assured about your compassion, he will open up and you will be able to know the root cause of the problem. Also, another way to control aggression is talking about emotions. This will help a child communicate about how he or she is feeling before it turns to aggression.

  1. Relating with the teacher

A teacher is someone who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence, or virtue. A teacher, who is also called an educator is a person that helps, motivates, inspire, and encourage peoples to learn. A child can still have natural worries and fears about going to school no matter how much you prepare him or her for the transition. It is common for kids to be afraid of their teacher especially at the beginning of the school year.

Many preschools organize an orientation day for their students where the children can meet their teachers and get a sense of what a classroom is like so they can prepare for their first day of school. Make sure you attend the orientation day with your child and prepare your child in a optimistic way so the first day will be easier.

Once your child starts preschool, do make sure you talk to him about his teachers and discuss what he likes or dislikes about them to help your child familiarize with his/her teacher . Accept his thought and feelings and be a good listener in order to help foster friendly learning environ for your child and teacher.

Parents loves to read: How to help your child get along with teacher?

Be patient and give your child time to adjust to the new environment. You can also describe your child to the teacher so that he or she will understand her new student. As a teacher or educator, to help a child be more disciplined and focused in the classroom, it is advisable to break lessons up into smaller segments so they understand faster and better.

  1. Lying and dishonesty

Lying is deliberate telling of false information or being untruthful. Dishonesty can describe the character of someone who lies. Dishonesty can also be said to include the deliberate withholding of the truth, which is not actually a lie. An example might be a situation where there has been a crime. If someone knew the perpetrator that committed the crime and refused to tell when asked then the person is dishonest. If someone knew who committed the crime and reported someone else that did not commit the crime then, the person lied.

Children learn to tell lies usually around three years of age when they start preschool. This is when they start to realise that they can say things that are not true without you knowing. Lying and dishonesty is common among kids when they are caught doing something they should not be doing. Children often lie because of the fear of punishment. They try as much as possible to cover up what they’ve done so they don’t get into trouble.

Other reasons why children tell lies are to get attention or make themselves sound better, get something they want, avoid hurting someone’s feelings (White lie), or make a story exciting. If a child tells lies, the first step to take is to let the child know that lying is not Ok and it is bad to tell lies. Explain to the child why it is bad. The second step is to use appropriate consequences.

Parents/Guardians also read: How to talk to your child so he/she listen?

When a child lies or is being dishonest, it might be because they are scared of how you would react to the truth. When a child tells you the truth, stay calm and correct them with love. This will make them trust you and it will also enable them to tell you the truth next time.

  1. Retaining learning attention

Getting the attention of kids in preschool can be difficult most times and it is one of the biggest challenges of a preschool teacher because each young mind has a different sort of interests and behavior. It is not possible that every child in preschool will pay attention to everything the teacher is saying in the classroom. Some kids may find the teacher’s discussion interesting and engaging while some may not find it interesting enough to pay attention. However, the teacher must try all possible means to gain attention of his/her pupils. There are several techniques preschool teachers can use to gain the attention of preschoolers.

Maintaining eye contact with children while teaching is a good way to get a child’s attention. When you are teaching and you notice a child is preoccupied in his own thoughts or something else, you can pause and say something like “Look at me so I can know you are listening” then you continue.  Another technique to use in gaining a child’s attention in the classroom is by walking over.

To know how, parents and educators reads 16 Effective ways to build memory retentiveness in a child timely

When you need to get the attention of a child or group of children, it is advisable to walk over to them, bend down low close to their eyes level and speak gently to them. It is not advisable to yell across the room. Knowing each child by their names is very important in order to connect with them. You can also make time for storytelling, develop a classroom routine, and make time for physical activities.

In conclusion, this article discussed six common challenges out of many difficulties a child starting preschool encounters and suggest solutions on how you can easily overcome the challenges without burning out. Sure, you want us to hear your view regards this or probably you have a question to ask, kindly use our comment box below. Like and share for others to benefit. You may not know whom you have helped by sharing aside from helping us to grow. Also remember to follow us to stay abreast of our subsequent publications. Thanks for reading.

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